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Meta has become the first company to publicly challenge the EU’s decision to designate some popular online products as “core” services, part of a larger battle by Big Tech against Brussels’ new digital rules designed to improve competition.
As part of its appeal before the courts in Luxembourg about the designation of Facebook’s Messenger and Marketplace, Meta will argue that Messenger is a chat functionality of Facebook and as such not a separate app and therefore not a separate service.
People familiar with the appeal also said the company will argue that Marketplace is a consumer product and not a “gateway” for businesses to target consumers — a requirement to be captured by the Digital Markets Act.
Meta said: “This appeal seeks clarification on specific points of law regarding the designations of Messenger and Marketplace under the DMA. It does not alter or detract from our firm commitment to complying with the DMA, and we will continue to work constructively with the European Commission to prepare for compliance.”
The commission, the EU’s executive arm, declined to comment.
The new obligations under the DMA for the largest, mostly American, tech companies, strike at the heart of the way the likes of Apple and Meta generate billions of dollars in revenues in Europe each year. The legislation obliges companies to make their services interoperable with those of competitors for the first time and to open their closed ecosystems to competing services.
Apple, Amazon and TikTok, which are also captured under the new law, are said to be considering an appeal ahead of a November 16 deadline.
Separately, Microsoft and Google, whose services are also designated as “core” and face new obligations under the DMA, will not appeal against their designations, according to people with direct knowledge of their thinking.
Meta’s will be the first challenge against the Digital Markets Act but similar appeals against other legislation have rarely succeeded.
The DMA, set to come into force in the first quarter of 2024, aims to break the stronghold that a handful of companies have on digital markets in the EU and make markets more open to competition. Detractors of the rules argue that more regulation will lead to less innovation and that will ultimately undermine the ability of European digital companies to thrive.
Companies have until March 6 to comply with the new rules. Their appeals, however, do not enable them to escape from complying with the legislation. A court in Luxembourg is expected to rule on the appeals in a matter of months rather than years as has been the case traditionally with antitrust investigations.
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